In many settings, health care providers perform FGM due to the belief that the procedure is safer when medicalized 1. Since , great efforts have been made to counteract FGM, through research, work within communities, and changes in public policy. The practice is mainly concentrated in the Western, Eastern, and North-Eastern regions of Africa, in some countries the Middle East and Asia, as well as among migrants from these areas. FGM is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and adolescence, and occasionally on adult women. WHO supports countries to implement this strategy. WHO has conducted a study of the economic costs of treating health complications of FGM and has found that the current costs for 27 countries where data were available totaled 1. The guidelines were developed based on a systematic review of the best available evidence on health interventions for women living with FGM. It is nearly always carried out on minors and is a violation of the rights of children.
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