The modern push-button hospital bed was invented in , and it originally included a built-in toilet in hopes of eliminating the bedpan. Beds can be raised and lowered at the head, feet, and their entire height. Raising the feet can help ease movement of the patient toward the headboard and may also be necessary for certain conditions. These beds have special features both for the comfort and well-being of the patient and for the convenience of health care workers. International Labour Office. In some cases, use of the rails may require a physician's order depending on local laws and the policies of the facility where they are used as rails may be considered a form of medical restraint. A hospital bed or hospital cot is a bed specially designed for hospitalized patients or others in need of some form of health care.