As Suu Kyi tries to avert prosecution by the Hague, the nearly 1 million Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh live with danger and uncertainty. Confessions of a heterodox economist — Portsmouth, Hampshire. As reports of ethnic cleansing emerged, the world reacted with disbelief as Suu Kyi stayed silent. Fall from grace Aung San Suu Kyi once seemed like a leader unlikely to defend gross human rights violations. That includes communicable diseases like the bacterial throat infection diphtheria, which has killed 45 Rohingya in Bangladesh since , as well as malnutrition. A narrow river divides Myanmar from Bangladesh, where nearly 1 million now live as refugees. The government established a new agency to coordinate international humanitarian aid and sent soldiers to guard sprawling new settlements in a previously uninhabited border area. A British colonial legacy The Rohingya story begins well before the s, with the British colonization of Myanmar in the s.